# What Is "Certainty of Improvement"?

On the Sandstorm A/B Test Report summary area and table area, youâ€™ll see a percentage called the â€śCertainty of Improvement.â€ť With every test there is a chance the better performing variant is actually the worse variant but just got lucky and looks like the better variant.

The certainty of improvement is simply how sure we are that the improvement we see in a variant is real and not just due to luck. The A/B Test Report will determine a winner when â€śCertainty of Improvementâ€ť is greater than 95%.

### A simple way to think about Certainty of Improvement

Your experiment has a baseline (usually an Original version) and other variations. Your original and your variations each receive a sample size based on how you allocated traffic to them from your A/B testing platform (Optimizely, VWO etc.). Based on the number of conversions and conversion rate, there is a range of improvement.

How confident is Sandstorm in whether the improvement are not a statistical fluke or random chance? â€śCertainty of Improvementâ€ť is the way we measure that level of confidence. Itâ€™s how sure we are that a certain variant is likely to be better to use for producing better results.

### How do we calculate Certainty of Improvement?

We calculate Certainty of Improvement using a normal approximation.

Where N means the normal distribution.

### Why do we use a normal approximation?

accurate approximation, especially as the number of samples increases

quick to calculate

provides stable results

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